The northern most part of the Indian subcontinent is known as Kashmir. The Kashmir Valley, which lies between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range, was the only area referred to as Kashmir until the middle of the 19th century. Today, the name refers to a wider region that includes the Chinese-administrated Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract, as well as the Indian-administrated Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, the Pakistani-administrated Azad Kashmir, and Gilgit-Baltistan.
Kashmir was included into the Sikh Empire in 1820 by Ranjit Singh. The First Anglo-Sikh War ended in Sikh defeat in 1846, and Gulab Singh, the Raja of Jammu, took over as the new ruler of Kashmir when the province was purchased from the British under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar. The most popular places are Bahu Fort, Mubarak Mandi Palace, Mansar Lake, Shivkhori, Raghunath Temple and Peer Baba Dargah. The place is also famous among pilgrimage owing to the presence of Amaranth Cave and Vaishno Devi temples.
Vaishno Devi Temple
The second most popular religious attraction in India is Maa Vaishnodevi Temple, behind Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. The Mother Goddess' incarnation Mata Rani, also known as Vaishnavi, is the focus of the shrine. It is situated in the Udaipur district, close to the town of Katra. To reach the shrine, which is high above the Trikuta hill at a height of roughly 5200 feet, pilgrims must make the arduous ascent. The starting point for the journey to this shrine is Trikuta Hill. The shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi is established in a cave of the Himalayan Mountains. The route to the shrine is a stretch of 13 km, where there is no provision for modern transport, except for a helipad at the top of the hill.
Pilgrims take the help of horses when the journey gets tiring. A rail link from Udhampur to Katra is being built to facilitate pilgrimage. The aarti ritual of the Goddess Vashnavi is performed twice a day when the shrine echoes with the holy sounds of chanting Mantras accompanied by uttering 108 names of Goddess Durga. Devotees worship the three forms of Goddess Vaishnavi here: Mahal Kali, Mahal Lakshmi, and Mahal Saraswati. Being a renowned and crowded pilgrimage, the place offers a variety of budget and star rated hotels for accommodation. It is believed that anybody who walks to the abode to ask for a boon rarely goes back disappointed.
These are also some most famous temples in Kashmir
By Air: Jammu airport is the nearest to Katra Located at a distance of 50 kilometers, Jammu is well-connected with major airports in India. It’s easy to get a cab from the Jammu airport to Katra as regular taxi and cab services are available.
By Train: Jammu and Kashmir State Road Transport Corporation buses operate to and from Jammu to Karta at regular intervals. Air-conditioned private deluxe buses and taxis are also available from Jammu to Katra.
By Train: The nearest railway station from Katra is the Udhampur railway station. Taxi and cab services are available from the railway station to Katra.